3D Printing Data - Chemical Insights
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This interactive tool includes data collected by CIRI (2015-present) on particle and chemical emissions from fused filament fabrication (FFF) 3D printing using a chamber testing method. Studies have shown emissions can be affected by print conditions like filament base material, filament brand, filament color, filament type, and other factors. This tool will display particle and chemical emission rates for a selected material both with and without filtration during printing.

Using this tool, you can find out:

  • Particle emission rates;
  • Individual volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released and emission rates;
  • Names of VOCs emitted chemicals and their associated health or indoor air quality concerns;
  • Print conditions’ impact on emissions;
  • High vs. low emitting conditions; and
  • Comparison to emission criteria from the ANSI/CAN/UL 2904 standard.

Data are plotted in the figure, as well as listed in the table; you can sort and search in the table to find specific data of interests. You can also download a data table if desired. Use the question mark icon by each parameter to see detailed explanations.


a) N/A are those concentrations lower than emission rate quantification.

b) Filament Type:
pure: filament made from a base material with additives;
composite: filament made from multiple materials to modify base material properties, e.g., flame retardant, metal powder, etc.

c) Print Condition:
original: print with default printer setting;
filtration: print with an additional filtration system.

3D Printing Data Visualization Tool

This interactive tool includes data collected by Chemical Insights Research Institute on particle and volatile organic compound emissions from fused filament fabrication 3D printing using a chamber test method according to the ANSI/CAN/UL 2904 Standard.